Koorts bij kinderen Engels

Fever with children

What is fever

A high temperature is very common in young children. The temperature usually returns to normal within 3 or 4 days.

What is a high temperature?

A normal temperature in babies and children is about 36.4C, but this can vary slightly from child to child. A high temperature is 38C or more. A high temperature is the body's natural response to fighting infections like coughs and colds. Many things can cause a high temperature in children, from common childhood illnesses like chickenpox and tonsillitis, to vaccinations.

Checking a high temperature

Your child might:

  • feel hotter than usual when you touch their back or chest
  • feel sweaty
  • look or feel unwell

Use a digital thermometer, which you can buy from pharmacies and supermarkets, to take your child's temperature.

Cause

Most fevers are caused by infections or other illnesses. The high body temperature makes it more difficult for the bacteria and viruses that cause infections to survive.

Common conditions that can cause fevers include:

  • upper respiratory tract infections (RTIs)
  • flu
  • ear infections
  • roseola – a virus that causes a temperature and a rash
  • tonsillitis
  • kidney or urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • common childhood illnesses, such as chickenpox and whooping cough

What you can do:

  • give them plenty of fluids
  • look out for signs of dehydration
  • give them food if they want it
  • check on your child regularly during the night
  • keep them at home
  • give them paracetamol if they're distressed or unwell
  • get medical advice if you're worried about your child

When to call the doctor?

Call your doctor immediately, if your child:

  • is under 3 months old and has a temperature of 38C or higher, or you think they have a high temperature
  • is 3 to 6 months old and has a temperature of 39C or higher, or you think they have a high temperature
  • has other signs of illness, such as a rash, as well as a high temperature
  • has a high temperature that's lasted for 5 days or more
  • does not want to eat, or is not their usual self and you're worried
  • has a high temperature that does not come down with paracetamol
  • is dehydrated – such as nappies that are not very wet, sunken eyes, and no tears when they're crying

Medications

It is not necessary to give your child medicine. Fever will go away on its own. Medication is only needed if your child is in pain or drinking poorly. Does your baby have a fever and is less than 3 months old? Then go and see your doctor. From 3 months old, children may be given paracetamol.

    • How much paracetamol depends on your child's age and weight.
    • There are two ways to give paracetamol to your child: through the anus (poop hole) or by mouth.
    • You can buy paracetamol at Etos, Kruidvat, Albert Heijn or the pharmacy. In the diagram below you can see which paracetamol you should buy for your child. Show the picture in the store so they can help you.
Age of your child: Weight of your child: Which paracetamol:
How much paracetamol at a time: How many pills maximum per day (24 hours) When to take the next pill:
3 months or older 3.0 - 5.5 kilograms 60 mg, via the anus Etos Kinderparacetamol zetpillen 60 mg 1 pil of
60 mg
2-3 After 8-12 hours
3 - 12 months 5.5 - 10 kilograms 120 mg, via the anus

Etos Kinderparacetamol zetpillen 120 mg

1 pil of 120 mg 2-3 After 8-12 hours
1-2 years 10 - 12.5 kilograms 240 mg, via the anus

Etos Kinderparacetamol zetpillen 240 mg

1 pil of 240 mg 2-3 After 8-12 hours
2-4 years 12.5 - 17 kilograms 240 mg, chewable tablet by mouth Sinaspril kauwtabletten 2 tablets of 120 mg 3 After 8 hours
4 - 6 years 17 – 22 kilograms 240 mg, chewable tablet by mouth

Sinaspril kauwtabletten

2 tablets of 120 mg 4 After 6 hours
6 - 9 years 22 - 30 kilograms 250 mg, melting tablet on the tongue
Roter Paracetamol Junior Banaan 250mg Smelttablet | Nu € 4.99 | 20tabl | Drogisterij.net
1 tablet of 250 mg 6 After 4 hours
9 - 12 years 30 – 40 kilograms 250 mg, melting tablet on the tongue
Roter Paracetamol Junior Banaan 250mg Smelttablet | Nu € 4.99 | 20tabl | Drogisterij.net
2 tablets of 250 mg 3-4 After 6 hours
12 - 15 years 40 – 55 kilograms 250 mg, melting tablet on the tongue
Roter Paracetamol Junior Banaan 250mg Smelttablet | Nu € 4.99 | 20tabl | Drogisterij.net
2 tablets of 250 mg 4-6 After 4 hours

Source: Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.